This course is a first semester course in Civil Engineering designed primarily for students in Civil Engineering. It builds on the concepts studied in CVE 303 (Fluid Mechanics). It dwells on the concepts of dimensional analysis, boundary layer development, incompressible flow in pressure conduits, flow past objects, steady flow in open channels and hydraulic transients. As a practical course, the course is designed to give students an understanding of the behaviour of liquids in both states of rest and motion, building on the knowledge already attained in 300 Level Fluid Mechanics and prepare them for other specialised applications to be encountered at higher levels. Topics to be covered include types of flow- laminar and turbulent flows, gradually and rapidly varied flows. Others are boundary layer separation conditions, stream function, velocity potential and application to flow nets, steady and unsteady flow in closed conduits, open channel flows, simple pipe problems and dimensional analysis.
Civil engineering works standard and measurements. Contracts and sub-contracts. Works: Simplified Industry model of parties and basic business laws of relations. Construction, supervision and clientâ€™s office involvement. Job planning and control-programme: Bar charts, Critical path methods, etc. Applications â€“Basic methods on varied nature of construction works (broad principles only) including: Bridges â€“ Foundation and type, Transport- road, railway, harbour and river works, pipelines. Special structures â€“ Dams, shafts and tunnels preservation of structures.
Limit state philosophy and design and design in steel. Guidelines and specifications for steel construction. Elastic and plastic moment designs. Design of structural elements in steel and connections and joints. Limit state philosophy and design in timber. Guidelines for specifications for timber construction. Elastic methods and design in timber. Design of structural elements in timber and timber connectors. Laboratory test on, structural elements in concrete, timber and steel.
Stresses in soils: Total and effective stress, pore pressure. Moduli of Elasticity, Poissonâ€™s ratio. Introduction to stress distribution in layered system from Boussinesqâ€™s theory, Westergaard theory. Earth retaining structures: Earth pressures (active, passive and at-rest pressures), earth pressure coefficients, Computation of earth pressure using the Rankine and the Columb wedge theories, and Culmanâ€™s method. Earth pressures on retaining walls. Types and analysis of retaining walls. The use of bracings as lateral support in open cuts. Anchored bulkheads. Free earth support method of analysis. Bearing capacity: Ultimate, safe and allowable bearing capacities. Bearing capacity factor. Case of shallow and deep foundations. Factor of safety, shape effect, footings under eccentric and inclined loads. Foundation: Type and choice of foundations. Shallow and deep foundation footings, raft foundations and piles. Use and general characteristics of piles, piles and sand piles in clay, negative skin friction. Bearing capacity of pile groups. Eccentric vertical loads, dynamic pile driving formulas and efficiency of pile groups.
This course covers almost complete course of civil engineering drawing available in the market. Engineering Drawing can be described as the art of representing technical structure with the aid of drawing instruments on paper is known as working or detailed drawing. A working drawing if properly drawn can convey the following details about any structure. Shape, Sizes, material used, location, placing and planning of different services, it conveys the whole form of the structure, on the paper before the materialisation of the structure. Element of Structural Detailing and Architecture is designed primarily for undergraduate students in civil and environmental engineering. However, the content also meets the need in other Para professional engineering discipline such as draughtsmanship as it provides a general skill to prepare working drawings of proposed projects or structures. Topics to be covered in this course span across AUTO CAD, CIVIL 3D and ORION Software application. Under descriptive Software, emphasis will on Design of buildings, Warehouses, Pipes and Roads. All students will be familiar with engineering measurements, (i.e. scales, lettering and dimensioning, graphical symbols for doors, windows, drains and sewers.) including Alphabetical symbols and Abbreviations.
This course is designed to provide Civil Engineering students the basic knowledge required to embark on highway geometric/ pavement design. It also considers railways and airfields as alternative modes of transport to highways. Topics to be covered in this course include: soil engineering aspect of highways- soil classification and effect on usage, soil stabilization, method of soil classification, compaction, determination of California Bearing Ratio (CBR) and applications. Classification of highways, distinction between rural and urban roads, Highway geometrics and design- factors affecting highway route location and procedure, generation of base map, factors affecting highway geometric design, horizontal alignment design, vertical alignment design, cross-section, pavement structure and design, types of pavement, AASHTO definitions, methods of pavement design- British method, French method empirical design methods for developing countries, pavement materials and laboratory test.