Department of Civil Engineering

CVE 105: HISTORY AND PHYLOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (2Units)

Definitions of science and technology. Scientific methodology, Historical development of science and technology man – his origin and nature, man his comic environment. Science and technology in the society and service of man. Renewable and non-renewable resources – man and his energy resources. Impact of science and technology developments. Ethical problems in science, technology, introduction to the various areas of science and technology.

CVE 202: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS I (3 UNITS)

Force equilibrium free body diagrams. Elasticity – concept of stress and strain. Tensile test, Determination of mechanical properties of materials. Axially loaded bars, composite bars, temperature stresses and simple indeterminate problems. Hoop stresses in cylinders and rings. Theory of beam bending. Deflection of Beams. Double integration and Macaulay’s methods. Strain Energy in bending of beams. Castigliano’s and Reciprocal Theorems. Bending moment, shear force and axial force diagrams for simple cases. Simple torsion and applications.

CVE 301: BASIC CIVIL ENGINEERING (2 UNITS)

The definitions and meaning of engineering, civil engineering and its various specialties. Historical development of civil engineering. Introduction to the various branches and specialties in civil engineering. The profession of civil engineering and its role in the society. Requirements of a civil engineer. Philosophy and responsibilities of the profession. Career opportunities in Civil and environmental engineering. Discussion and demonstration of civil and environmental engineering techniques and projects, problems, solutions. Introduction to the frontiers of research and development in civil engineering. Modern civil engineerinng applications in the society.

CVE 302: BASIC HYDROLOGY (3 UNITS)

Descriptive hydrology, hydrological cycle and components, meteorology factors, precipitation, evaporation and transpiration, evapotranspiration, methods of estimating evaporation and evapotranspiration, infiltration, infiltration capacity of soil, methods of infiltration, surface runoff, rainfall/runoff correlation, flow rating curves etc. quantitative hydrology hydrograph and hydrograph analysis, volume runoff, storage routing. Groundwater-occurrence, factors influencing volume, the abstraction of groundwater, hydraulics of wells, well yield, hydrological forecasting, introduction to urban hydrology.

CVE 220: STUDENT WORK EXPERIENCE PROGRAMME (8 WEEKS) 4 Units (SWEP)

A practical work programme, arranged within the campus and immediate environment, to enable the students gain some basic skills in the professional of engineering in general and civil engineering in particular. It involves some workshop practice, and working with various artisans in the civil engineering industry, under supervision.

CVE 303: FLUID MECHANICS (3 units)

Fluid statics-concept of pressure, pressure and direction, pressure head etc. floatation and stability. Dynamics of fluid flow-conservation. Equation of mass and momentum. Euler and Bernoullli’s equations. Momentum equation, energy equation, Reynolds number, flow in pipes. Dimensional analysis, Similitude, Buckingham Pi theorems. Applications of hydraulic models. Viscous flow – Laminar flow, flow between two parallel plates, flow in circular conduits etc. flow in pipes. Open channel flow. Ideal fluid flow. Fluid measurements. Flow meters and errors in measurement.

CVE 304: STRUCTURAL MECHANICS (3 UNITS)

Principle of indeterminacy and static stability of plane frames and trusses. Analyses of statically determinate beams and frameworks using method of joint resolution, method of sections and graphical method employing Bow’s notation. Deflection of frameworks. Williot and Williot-Mohr Diagrams. Strain – energy method. Moment- Area Method. Three Moment Theorem, Slope Deflection Method, Moment Distribution Method for indeterminate beams and portal frames. Analysis of two-hinged parabolic arches. Influence lines for actions in determinate beams and frameworks.

CVE 305: STRENGTH OF MATERIALS II (4 UNITS)

Analysis of two and three-dimensional state of stress in structural systems. Principal stresses and maximum shear stresses. Analysis of two and three-dimensional state of strain. Mohr’s circle. Energy Theories. Failure theories applied to structural elements. Combined bending and direct stresses in structural members. Shear stress in thin-walled opening sections and shear centres. Bending of curved bars and springs. Creep, fatigue. Fracture and stress concentration problems. Analysis/design of compound and composite structural elements.

CVE 306: SOIL MECHANICS (3 UNITS)

Mineralogy of soils, soil structure, origin of soils rocks and minerals. Formation of soils, and soil deposits, soil properties. Soil in water relationship-void ratio, porosity, specific gravity and other factors. Soil Classification; Atterberg limits, particle size distribution. Flow of water in soils; seepage, permeability, and ground water flow. Compaction and soil stabilization. Site investigations and methods of subsurface exploration. Laboratory work on soil classification identification and physical properties. Soil survey and soil map study.

CVE 307: ENGINEERING SURVEYING AND PHOTOGRAMMETRY (4 units)

Chain surveying, compass surveying methods: contours and land uses. Traversing methods and application. Leveling Geodetic leveling errors and their adjustments. Applications. Tachometry methods, substance heighting, self adjusting and electromagnetic methods. Introduction to photogrammetry equipment, principles and uses. Errors of measurements. Evaluation of single photographs. Further work on contours and contouring. Methods of contouring; contour interpolation and uses of contour plans and maps. Areas and volumes. Setting out of engineering works. Elementary topographical surveying.

CVE 308: DESIGN OF STRUCTURES I (3 Units)

Concept of reinforced concrete and historical development of its theory and practice. Review of the physical and mechanical properties of concrete and reinforcing bars. Fundamentals of design process. Material selection. Building regulations and codes of practice. Scopes and Limitations and interpretation of design charts,. Design philosophies. Elastic and limit state designs. Design of reinforced concrete structural elements (slabs, beams, columns and foundations).

CVE 310: CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS (2 UNITS)

Concrete technology types of cements, aggregates properties. Concrete mix design. Properties and their determination. Steel technology – production, fabrication and properties, corrosion and its prevention. Test on steel and quality control. Timber technology types of wood, properties defects. Stress grading. Preservation and fire protection. Timber products. Rubber plastics. Asphalt, tar, lass, lime pricks mud, etc. application to buildings, roads and bridges.

CVE 320: STUDENTS INDUSTRIAL TRAINING (8 WEEKS) 4 UNITS

A more advanced programme similar to CVE 220. Students are attached to civil engineering establishments and industries, to gain early practical experience in the planning, design and construction of projects and facilities under supervision.

CVE 401: HYDRAULICS (3 UNITS)

Brief revision of fluid mechanics. Types of flow-Laminar and turbulent flows, Gradually and rapidly varied flows. Boundary layer separation conditions, stream function, velocity, potential and application to flow nets. Steady and unsteady flow in closed conduits. Open channel flows. Steady and unsteady flows in open channels, simple pipe problem, flow of incompressible fluid in pipelines, Pipe networks analysis. Dimensional analysis, similitude and hydraulic models. Mass oscillation and pressure transients in pipelines, Application of hydraulic principles in Land drainage and inland navigation problems.

CVE 403: CIVIL ENGINEERING PRACTICE (2 UNITS)

Civil Engineering Works Standard and Measurements. Contracts and Sub-Contracts. Works: Simplified Industry model of parties and basic business laws of relations. Construction, supervision and client’s office involvement. Job planning and control-program: Bar charts, Critical path methods, etc. Applications basic methods on varied nature of construction works (broad principles only) including: Bridges- Foundation and type, Transport-road, railway, harbour and river works, pipelines. Special structures- Dams, shafts and tunnels. Preservation of structures.

CVE 405: DESIGN OF STRUCTURES II (2 UNITS)

Limit state philosophy and design on steel. Guidelines and specifications for steel construction. Elastic and plastic moment designs. Design of structural elements in steel and connections and joints. Limit state philosophy and design in timber. Guidelines and specifications for timber construction. Elastic methods and design of timer. Design of structural elements in timber and timber connectors. Laboratory test on structural elements in concrete, timber and steel.

CVE 407: ELEMENTS OF FOUNDATION ENGINEERING (3 UNITS)

Stresses in soils: Total and effective stress, pore pressure. Moduli of Elasticity, Poisson’s ratio. Introduction to stress distribution in layered system from Boussinesq’s theory, Westergaard theory. Earth retaining structures: Earth pressures (active, passive and at-rest pressures), earth pressure coefficients, Computation of earth pressure using the Rankine and the Columb wedge theories, and Culman’’s method. Earth pressures on retaining walls. Types and analysis of retaining walls. The use of bracings as lateral support in open cuts. Anchored bulkheads. Free earth support method of analysis.

Bearing capacity: Ultimate, safe and allowable bearing capacities. Bearing capacity factor. Case of shallow and deep foundations. Factor of safety, shape effect, footings under eccentric and inclined loads.

Foundation: Type and choice of foundations. Shallow and deep foundations and piles. Use and general characteristics of piles, piles and sand piles in clay, negative skin friction. Bearing capacity of pile groups. Eccentricity vertical loads, dynamic pile driving formulas and efficiency of pile groups.

CVE 409: ELEMENTS OF STRUCTURAL DETAILING AND ARCHITECTURE (3UNITS)

Introduction: Dimensional awareness, graphic communication in relation to environment. Free hand drawing-forms in terms of shades, lght and shadow. Orthographic. Diametric and perspective projections with applications. Common curves. Elementary design of building structures. Detailing of structural elements: slabs, beams, columns, shear walls and structural foundations. Detailing of reinforced concrete culverts and water retaining structures. Detailing of construction and expansion joints in structures.

CVE 411: HIGHWAY ENGINEERING (2UNITS)

Soil engineering aspects of highways: compaction, soil stabilization, soil classification and effect on usage, Methods of soil classification, Determination of California Bearing Ratio (CBR) and applications. Railways and Airfields. Highway geometrics and designs: Factors affecting highway geometric design. Highway route location procedure, Generation of Base Map. Horizontal alignment design, Vertical alignment design, cross-sections. Classification of highways, distinction between rural and urban roads. Pavement structure and design: Types of pavement, AASHTO Definitions. Methods of pavement design. British methods for developing countries (Road Note 31). Pavement materials and laboratory tests.

CVE425: ENGINEERING SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND MODELLING (3 UNITS)

Basic definitions and classification of mathematical modeling: deterministic, stochastic, distributed parameters, lumped parameters, model construction and validation, modeling using selected transform procedures- partial fraction expansions, Laplace transform, curve fittings & evaluation;

Introduction to formulation and solution of Civil Engineering problems: development of stochastic concepts, simulation models, and modern statistical decision theory and application of these concepts in civil engineering design and decision making; Bayesian statistical decision theory, decision tree, and multi-objective decision problems;

Linear and Nonlinear programming, Engineering Risk and Uncertainty: Identification and modeling of non-deterministic problems in civil engineering design and decision making, modeling and analysis of uncertainties, practical risk evaluation, air quality modeling, stream flow modeling, traffic flow modeling, fundamental techniques of construction data modeling. Theory and application of numerical methods, finite differences and finite element, for solving the equations of groundwater flow; Computer aided modeling using Matlab, Excel and SPSS

STUDENT’S INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE (SIWES) (10 UNITS)

CVE 402: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING ASSESSED BY FUTA SUPRERVISORS (4 UNITS)

This will be graded FUTA staff and the grade would be used to compute the student’s result.

CVE 404: INDUSTRIAL TRAINING ASSESSED BY INDUSTRY-BASED SUPRERVISORS (2 UNITS)

This will be graded by the industry based supervisors and the grade returned to the University for processing/computing the student’s result.

CVE 406 SIWES SEMINAR PRESENTATION AND REPORT (4 UNITS)

Each student’s report as well as the oral presentation of his or her report on work experience in the industry will be graded by the academic staff in the department. The marks obtained by the student will be used to compute his or her result.

CVE 501: ENGINEERING ECONOMICS (3 UNITS)

Economics of business settings, Costing of production systems. Objective of cost analysis and control. Sources of finance, money and credit for projects. Investment Appraisals. Resource Allocation. Interest rates. Interest formulas and problems. Annual costs. Present Worth, rates of return. Cost reducing. Depreciation accounting. Valuation of assets. Financial management; accounting methods, financial statement, elements of costing. Budget an budgeting control. dwelling with multiple alternatives and uncertainties, planning and decision making procedures. Macroeconomics, Economic growth, National income. Economic of technological change.

CVE 502: ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT (3 UNITS)

Management of engineering project environment. Formation of company, sources of finance, money and credit. Insurance, National policies, GNP growth a rate and prediction. Organizational management. Management by objectives. Personnel management selection. Recruitment and training. Job evaluation. Industrial psychology-individual and group behavior. The learning process and motivation factors. Resources Management. Planning and decision making. Forecasting scheduling. Production control. Gantt chart.CPM and PERT. Optimization methods. Transport and materials handing. Work study and production processes.

CVE 503: STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING I (3 UNITS)

Plastic methods of structural analysis of beams and frames. Influence lines for redundant structures – Mueller – Breslau’s Principle and Newmark’s Numerical Integration Scheme. Elastic instability: Determination of critical loads of struts. Stability Functions for axially loaded beams and frames. Southwell’s Plot for the determination of critical buckling parameters. Analysis of plates using series and finite difference solutions. Yield line analysis of slabs. Advanced Moment Distribution method for multi-storey buildings with sway.

CVE 504: STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING II (2 UNITS)

Composite design and construction in steel and reinforced concrete. Design of structural foundations. Concept of pre-stressed concrete structures and systems of pre-stressing. Types of anchorages. Allowable stress for concrete and pre-stressing force. Deflections of pre-stressed elements. Design of pre-stressed concrete beams. Modern structural forms: Tall buildings, lift, shafts and shear walls. Design of retaining walls. Design of projects

CVE 505: WATER AND WASTEWATER ENGINEERING (3 units)

Water and Waste water inter-relationship, water health, water borne diseases. Elements of water chemistry. Treatment process for surface water and for groundwater. Design fundamentals for water supply, treatment and water distribution systems, including storage, pumping and piping. Sources of waste water, industrial and domestic wastewater, surveys. Elements of wastewater microbiology, wastewater collection, treatment and disposal and design. Wastewater re-use options and alternatives. Effluent standards.

CVE 506: HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS (3 Units)

Highway planning and traffic surveys and analysis. Pavement design. Construction and maintenance. Administration and Finance of highways. Coordination of all Transportation media- (land, sea, air modes). Rail and air-transport systems. Transportation planning and economics. Traffic management and control. Design of traffic signals. Parking. Geometric Design. Construction methods. Construction materials and Laboratory tests. Railways and Airfields, Factors affecting location of railway and airfields, features of railways and airfields. Water/Sea transportation systems.

CVE 507: BUILDING TECHNOLOGY (3 Units)

Construction planning and administration cost control policies and procedures, incentives financial control. Network analysis. Arrow diagrams construction of a network scheduling, time scales and project duration. Structure of the construction industry. Design and construction teams, statutory authorities, approval processes, notices etc. pre and post – contract planning; project evaluation tendering, site organization and coordination, productivity and resource management, fast tracking etc operations research. Applications in construction management linear programming. Sentencing, queuing theory and work study.

CVE 508: GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING (3 Units)

Consolidation and settlement: One dimensional consolidation. The oedometer test. Primary and secondary consolidation. Immediate and consolidation settlement. Analysis of total and time of settlement. Settlement of spread and piled foundations.

Shear strength of soils: General strength consideration. State of stress at a point and Mohr stress circle. Mohr-Coulomb theory of failure.

Shear Tests: Vane shear test, direct shear test, triaxial test. Shear strength of saturated clays, shear strength of compacted unsaturated clays, sensitivity of soils, residual strength parameters.

Slope stability: Types and mechanics of slope failures. Theoretical and graphical solution of slope stability problems. Unsaturated vertical cuts. Effects of tension cracks on slope stability.

CVE 509: CIVIL ENGINEERING SEMINAR (2 Units)

Instruction on the preparation presentation and discussion of critical reviews of topics and projects of importance to the engineering profession in general and civil and environmental engineering in particular. Oral preparation and presentation of technical essays and project reports by students.

Invited lecturers on special topics in Civil engineering should include modern applications in the construction industry and environmental implications of Civil Engineering practices.

CVE 510: CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING (3 Units)

Basic principles relating to excavation, earthworks and earth moving/construction equipment. Tunnel and basement construction. Vertical communication in buildings, staircases, elevators, ramps, escalatorssystems building. Advance building structural systems, space frames, folded, plates, arches etc. construction materials, Maintenance of civil engineering structures. Basic principles relating to maintenance, risk and safety. Reinforced concrete retailing walls: gravity, cantilever, counterfort, buttress and Diaphragm walls. Roads pavement construction: subgrade, sub-base, base and wearing course. Bridges types and suitability, methods of construction, use and construction of caissons and cofferdams in bridges. Airport construction type’s accessories such as run way, lighting, wind indicator and layout. Railway track, materials used and construction methods, rails, sleepers etc. field trip.

CVE 511: WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING (3 Units)

Elements of water resources and utilization. Hydraulics of open channels and wells. Drainage, Hydrograph analysis. Reservoirs and flood-routing. Hydrological forecasting and its applications. Weirs, Dock and Harbours, spillways, stilling basin, manholes and other water related structures coastal problems. Erosion problems – types, occurrence, factors affecting occurrence, erosion mitigation methods. Urban drainage problems- design and management, Hydraulic structures etc. urban water management. Engineering economy in Water Resources Planning, water resources evaluation.

CVE 512: DESIGN OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES (3 Units)

Hydraulic models, hydraulic design. Criteria, problems of reservoirs, river training and regulations, transition structures, dams, weirs, spillways, gates and outlet works, stiling basins. Cofferdams, breakwaters, moldes, surge tanks. Design of municipal storm drains, land drainage systems culverts and bridge. Design of drainage inlets, manholes and catch basins. Introduction to multiple purpose designs involving flood control, water supply, irrigation, recreation, drainage navigation and erosion control.

CVE 513: CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT (3 Units)

Construction planning and administration cost control policies and procedures, incentives, financial control. Network analysis. Arrow diagrams, construction of a network scheduling, time scales and project duration. Structure of the construction industry. Design and construction teams, statutory authorities, approval processes, notices etc. Pre and post – contract planning; project evaluation tendering, site organization and coordination, productivity and resource management, fast tracking etc. operations research, applications in construction management, linear programming, sentencing, queuing theory and work study.

CVE 514: CIVIL ENGINEERING SYSTEMS DEISGN. (3 Units)

Analysis and design of civil engineering project from the viewpoint of the whole. Interactions between the individual components (subsystems) and the effects of such on the overall system. Optimal operation of the projects; as measured by stability, ease of operation, and economic returns. Systems management (operational research) techniques and applications in Civil engineering modeling linear programming, dynamic programming PERT, CPM in systems management. Transportation problems, Queuing theory and applications.

CVE 515: DRAINAGE AND IRRIGATION ENGINEERING (3 Units)

Land classification: crop water requirement. Crop: Irrigation requirements; Farm delivery requirement; Diversion requirements; Soil water relationships, Movement of soil moisture, measurement of infiltration and soil moisture. Irrigation, water quality. Irrigation planning criteria. Irrigation methods, supplemental irrigation, irrigation structures, Design, construction, operation and maintenance of surface, sub-surface and sprinkler irrigation systems. Surveys and investigation: sources of water, soils and salinity. Water tables: Drainage structures, subsurface drains. Design criteria drain size, materials use; installation of subsurface drains, pumping for drainage and maintenance of drains. Urban storm drainage. Land drainage. Land reclamation.

CVE 516: ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (3 Units)

Basic concepts and theory and design of solid waste collection and disposal systems. Filed and laboratory sampling and monitoring of solid wastes. Analysis of municipal, industrial and agricultural solid wastes. Solid waste handling and disposal methods. Air pollution. Air-borne waste and the control of atmospheric pollution, sources, type and effects of air pollutants, analysis of particulate and gaseous pollutant by classical and instrumental methods. Meteorological phenomena affecting dispersal or deposit. Methods of pollution control including use of fuels and cleaning of gas.

CVE 517: QUANTITY SURVEYING (3 Units)

Bills of quantities; price build up, analysis of work content and method statement. SMM specifications, resource rate etc. Types of building contracts: measurement and cost reimbursement contracts. Condition of contracts. Measurement contracts. Final accounts measurement. Fixing of rates, estimation etc. analysis of tender and evaluation of building project. Variation and interim certificate preparation. The scope of civil and environmental works and methods of measurement. Site investigation and site clearance. Excavation, dredging and filing, geotechnical processes. Earthworks, embankment and cuttings. Retaining walls. Piling, road and railway work, bridges and culverts. Tunneling.

CVE 518: ADVANCED SOIL MECHANICS (3 Units)

Summary of common clay minerals. Clay mineralogy and clay water systems. Rate of consolidation. Accelerating consolidation with sand drains and surcharge. Shear strength of saturated clays. Undrained vane shear test. Review of slope stability of circular slip surfaces. Foundation subjected to dynamic to dynamic forces. Maintenance; Avoiding failures in construction materials and foundation. Students will write and present in class a report on a given topic on soil mechanics and foundation engineering. Students will present a term paper using the most recent computer software for slope stability analysis.

CVE 519: ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING (3 Units)

Matrix methods of structural analysis: Flexibility and stiffness methods, Derivation of flexibility and stiffness coefficients. Finite difference and finite element techniques. Derivation of computationalmolecules. Analysis of building frames subjected to lateral forces. Model analysis of structure using direct and indirect methods. Damped and un-damped dynamic response of structures to time-dependent loadings. Forced and free vibrations of one-degree of freedom systems. Introduction to computational packages.

CVE 520: TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING (3 UNITS)

Design of intersection and interchanges, Parking, Geometric design. Engineering and Operational characteristics of different modes of Transport; Train, buses, taxi, motor cycle, bicycle etc. land, sea and Air transportation characteristics. Introduction of current techniques in transportation planning including the development and use of mathematical models for trip generation, distribution, modal split and traffic assignment. Co-ordination of city planning and Transportation engineering. Features of modern railways, subways, airfields and sea ports. Conjunctive use and coordination of various transportation systems.

CVE 599: FINAL YEAR STUDENT’S PROJECT (6 Units)

Final year students’ individual or group projects in one of the several area of civil and environmental engineering, under the supervision of the academic staff of the department or school. These independent projects may involve literature research, design, elementary fabrication, and construction or feasibility studies. The student is required to plan and carry out the project under the supervision of academic member of staff. A formal report of the project is required at the end of the second semester. The student is required to present his/her results orally before a panel of examiners.

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